Verbena bonariensis. Common Name. It has become a favorite of North American summer gardens with its tall, slender stems and lavender-purple flowers. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Tender perennial that is winter hardy to USDA Zones 7-10. Leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up to 4 in (10 cm) long. ‘Buenos’ means ‘good’ and ‘aires’ means ‘air’ (‘good air’). Gledhill, David (2008). In St. Louis, grow as an annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). Verbena bonariensis can grow four to six feet tall and yet is fantastic at the front of the border as a see-through plant. Verbena Bonariensis also goes by various other names such as Purpletop vervain, Argentinian Verbena, Tall Verbena as well as Pretty Verbena. No serious insect or disease problems. The genus name comes from the Latin Verbena, a classical name for certain sacred branches, probably of Verbena officinalis of Europe. Find help & information on Verbena bonariensis purple top from the RHS. I think the common name Brazilian Verbena would be better suited to Verbena brasiliensis, which is not the same species as V. bonariensis. If sited in sheltered locations with southern exposures, plants can survive mild St. Louis winters. Verbena bonariensis, tall verbena, is a long-flowering perennial native to South America. Perennial. The common name, vervaine, comes from the Celtic name, ‘ferfain’. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5â long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5â tall bearing clusters (to 2â across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Tolerates poor soils as long as drainage is good. Even if plants do not survive winter, they often remain in St. Louis gardens for a number of years through self-seeding. Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. This is a newer hybrid variety of verbena that produces beautiful deep blue flowers. Mix it with Cosmos 'Purity' and Gaura lindheimeri to create a lovely, airy filling to a border, and there is no better plant for lining a path. It is a native plant of southern South American tropical regions. Common Names. Verbena bonariensis. bonariensis : purpletop vervain VEBOC: Verbena bonariensis L. var. Requirements to Grow. Verbena bonariensis (syn. Bot. Seed may be sown directly in the garden after last frost date. Verbena x hybrida aka Glandularia x hybrida. V. bonariensis self-seeds readily. Presently, the plant is on the invasive species watchlist for Washington state, naturalized in tropical and southern Africa, temperate Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the United States (including Hawaii), the West Indies, Macaronesia and the Mascarene Islands. The Verbena genus consists of around 250 species, most of which are native to Europe and the Americas. Brazilian verbena grows taller and a little more sparsely than other varieties. Scientific Name Other Common Names; VEBOB: Verbena bonariensis L. var. Verbena officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Other cultivars and species: Some other species and hybrids are also used. This is about the Verbena bonariensis described by Linnaeus. Verbena bonariensis L. Verbena bracteata Lag. Back to Previous Page. Fruit splits open when seed matures. Check other web resources for Verbena bonariensis L. : Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS) Group/Species. This species grows best in a well-drained soil. Charmed me more and more as time went by. It prefers full sun to partial shade and needs regular moisture. USDA (2007) However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. bra… Common Name(s): Argentinian Vervain; Brazilian Verbena; Clustertop Verbena; Purple Top; Tall Verbena; Tall Vervain; Vervain Blue Princess verbena (Verbena x hybrida ‘Blue Princess’). As seed starts to mature at base last flowers still cling to top. Common Name: Argentinian Vervain, Tall Verbena: Scientific Name: Verbena Bonariensis: Plant Family: Verbenaceae: Origin: Native to South America: Height: This is a tall perennial, suitable for the middle or back of the border and reaching a height of up to 1.5 metres (5 feet) Its scientific name is Verbena bonariensis and it is quite famous for its ability to attract butterflies and other insects to your garden. , Its specific epithet means ‘from Buenos Aires, Argentina’. Sprays holding rounded clusters of mid purple flowers appear on long stiff angular stems. Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensisfor example.Yuan & Olmstead (2008) Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species.E.g. bonariensis. Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensis for example.  It has naturalized in a number of southern United States. Its long internodes give it a sparse appearance but allow it to intermingle and coexist with other plants. Scientific name: Verbena bonariensis Pronunciation: ver-BEEN-nuh boe-nar-ree-EN-sis Common name(s): Purple Verbena Family: Verbenaceae Plant type: ground cover USDA hardiness zones: 7B through 10 (Fig. At maturity, it will develop a woody base. Verbena Purpletop vervain, Verbena bonariensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Verbena L. Type species Verbena officinalis L. Species Verbena alata Cham. If you like flowers with double functionality, Verbena bonariensis is yours. They can be separated by the following differences: Verbena bonariensis has tubular flowers that are … Botanical Name: Verbena bonariensis Common Name: Brazilian Vervain Family: Verbenaceae Category: Hardy Perennial Seed Count: 200. Spikes of Purple Goodness. It has a reputation of rarely being attacked by insect pests, but may be susceptible to powdery mildew. Verbena bonariensis (purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain, tall verbena, or pretty verbena) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant. 2) Planting month for zone 7: year round Planting month for zone 8: year round Planting month for zone 9: year round Verbena bonariensis – A super hardy perennial from Brazil that is well suited to our Australian gardens. The first rule to have Verbena bonariensis in the garden is fulfilling the … 1999. This species offers a completely different look in Verbenas. Group or mass in mixed borders, meadows, cottage gardens. Synonymous with V. patagonica.Genus name comes from a Latin name used for some plants in religious ceremonies and also in medicine.Specific epithet means of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. They can even grow up to four feet (1.2 meters) if over-fertilized. Each flower about 2 mm diam., subtended by a bract about 3-5 mm long. This ability has raised concerns that it may become an invasive species and noxious weed in favorable habitats. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta ... Verbenaceae – Verbena family Genus: Verbena L. – vervain Species: Verbena brasiliensis Vell. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. is the moss verbena. Glandularia sp. Verbena bonariensis aka V. patagonica. Purple Top. Where is this species invasive in the US. Flowerheads are usually in groups of 3. Cambridge University Press. Named by Virgil and Pliny the Elder. Watch for powdery mildew. Verbena brasiliensis Verbena californica Verbena canadensis Verbena canescens Kunth Verbena carnea Medik. V. patagonica) is a short-lived herbaceous perennial that goes by the common name of Purpletop Vervain. , There are two named subspecies:. Spikes usually in umbellate or cymose clusters. Plants more freely self-seed in the deep South where they have escaped gardens and naturalized in a number of areas. Tall Verbena, Purple Top, Cluster Flower Vervain, Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening -, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Verbena_bonariensis&oldid=971240806, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Syst.  However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. brasiliensis, the "true" Brazilian verbena, which has been erroneously referred to as V. bonariaensis by several botanists. Common name: Verbena, V. bonariensis = Tall verbena or Brazillian vervain. V. bonariensis is cultivated as an ornamental plant for traditional and drought tolerant and 'pollinator-host' gardens and parks. The species, bonariensis was named for the city of Buenos Aires, in South America where it was first discovered. – Brazilian vervain Subordinate Taxa. It carries 2–3" clusters of pinkish purple blooms on wiry, self-supporting stems. "The Names of Plants". See also below for a common misapplication of this taxon. Scientific Name. Origin. In USA horticulture, it is also known by the ambiguous names "purpletop" (also used for the grass Tridens flavus) and "South American vervain" (which can mean any of the numerous species in the genus Verbena occurring in that continent). Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until fall frost. Blooms mid summer to fall. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. purpletop, cluster flower vervain, tall verbena. Verbena bonariensis: Brazilian verbena, Purpletop vervain, Purple top vervain. Genus. It can grow to 6 ft (180 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5” long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5’ tall bearing clusters (to 2” across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. Common Name: Verbena Genus: Verbena Species: bonariensis Skill Level: Beginner Exposure: Full sun Hardiness: Half Hardy Soil type: Well-drained/light, Moist Height: 150cm Spread: 45cm Common Name(s): pretty verbena : purpletop vervain [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Verbena bonariensis : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Verbena bonariensis V. bonariensis is commonly grown from seed which germinates readily without pre-treatment, but can also be propagated from herbaceous stem cuttings. Brazilian verbena (Verbena bonariensis). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). & Rodr. Type. Sometimes, the common name 'Brazilian Verbena' or 'Brazilian Vervain' is found for this species. Verbena canadensis, (Glandularia canadensis) is also sometimes used. Verbena is derived from Latin, meaning ‘sacred bough’, in reference to the leafy twigs of vervaine (Verbena officinalis) which were historically carried by priests, used in wreaths for druidic rituals, and for medicine. For earlier bloom, start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date. purpletop vervain conglomerata Briq. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is native to tropical South America where it grows throughout most of the warm regions, from Colombia and Brazil to Argentina and Chile. It can be grown as an annual in areas where it is not winter hardy and will bloom in the first year when grown from seed. It is a perennial, hardy in USDA Zones 7-11. This variety originated from South America where it is a common sight in most of the warm regions of Colombia, Chile, Brazil, and Argentina. Verbena. Purpletop (Verbena bonariensis) is extremely similar to Verbena incompta, which is also known as purpletop, and these two species have often been confused. Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. They can be put at the front of the border without blocking the plants behind. According to Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk, it is considered a weed in Fiji, New Guinea and other South Pacific islands.. The flowers which appear in mid- to late summer, are very attractive to butterflies, and provide nectar for native bees and many beneficial garden insects. Scientific Name: Verbena bonariensis Common Name: Brazilian vervain Quantity Available: 30 Container Size: Quart Price: $7.00 Mature Height: 4' Mature Width: 3' Description: Rapid growing, clump forming habit with dark green foliage and tall stems with clusters of rose- … , Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species. For the misapplication "Brazilian verbena" see below. Set out seedlings or purchased plants after last frost date. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. Verbena bonariensis L. Flowers borne in terminal spikes about 1-4 cm long. , Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. Common Name(s): Purple Verbena; Rigid Verbena; Sandpaper Verbena; Slender Vervain; Tuberous Vervain Locations within which Verbena bonariensis is naturalisedinclude Australia, eastern Africa and some oceanic islands with warm climates.
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